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Fake News!: Fake News

Fake News!

This guide is intended to assist student researchers identify fake news in the news, media and websites.  The criteria from the International Federation of Library Associations and the C.R.A.A.P. Test Worksheets will assist with identifying fake new


What is Fake News?
According to the fact-checking website, Politifact, "Fake news is made-up stuff, masterfully manipulated to look like credible journalistic reports that are easily spread online to large audiences willing to believe the fictions and spread the word."

Types of Fake News

  • Fake/Hoax News - news that is fabricated with the intention of misleading or confusing readers
  • Misleading News - news stories that report quotes, images, statistics out of context, some of these stories can be old stories that are re-reported with a new misleading headline
  • Mimic Websites - fake news websites that mimic the look of trusted news sources in order to fool readers into thinking a story is real
  • Satire - fake and ironic news stories that are intended to be funny or entertaining. Examples: The Onion, The Borowitz Report
  • Clickbait - news that is promoted with dramatic or misleading headlines that do not reflect the content of the actual story
  • Alternative/Alternate Facts - A different interpretation of facts, usually derived from a misinterpretation of reports or by focusing only on a subset of the available information.

Fake News and Alternative Facts: Finding Accurate News, Austin Community College LibGuide, 2018.

If you need assistance, please contact any of the SJC Librarians.

How to Spot Fake News / International Federation of Library Associations

How to Spot Fake News

C.R.A.A.P. Tests

C.R.A.A.P. worksheets were originally developed at Merriam Library. California State University. Chico.

Media Bias

Fake News Terminology

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